By Owen Jarus @ LiveScience
King Herod (circa 74 to 4 B.C.) was a king of Judea who ruled the territory with Roman approval.
“Without a doubt [Herod] was the greatest builder in the Holy Land, planning and overseeing the execution of palaces, fortresses, theatres, amphitheatres, harbours, [Masada] and the entire city of Caesarea, and to crown them all, he organized the rebuilding of the Temple of Jerusalem,” Gaza Vermes writes in his posthumous book, “The True Herod.”
Herod also executed one of his at least 10 wives and three of his children.
The ancient historian Josephus claimed that Herod was so despised in his final days and Herod had become so bitter toward his own people, that he asked his sister, Salome, to kill many of them after he died. Salome disobeyed, and released the prisoners upon his death.